26 Nov 2019
How do most bushfires start in Australia?

How do most bushfires start in Australia?

Hot, windy and dry weather certainly influences and increases the risk of bushfires. But what are the most common causes of a fire actually starting?

They’re mainly from human-related incidents, according to data from the Australian Institute of Criminology (the Institute)1.

It reports that the majority of bushfires are started either intentionally or unintentionally, by people.

The Institute found the top attribution was “suspicious” followed by “accidental”.2:

  • Suspicious 37%
  • Accidental 35%
  • Deliberate 13%
  • Natural 6%
  • Reignition/spot 5%
  • Other 4%
Billowing smoke in the distance near power lines and trees

Here are some of the most common causes for bushfires in Australia, according to fire investigators3:

  • Smoking or a discarded cigarette butt
  • Burning off/debris
  • Arson

The Institute says while figures vary, around half of all bushfires in Australia are either known to be deliberately lit or are considered suspicious.

  • Railway cause

Albeit surprising, trains can be a cause a bushfire, the ABC says. Burning carbon embers from train engine exhausts or brake failure can throw sparks which can ignite dry vegetation near the tracks. Other causes include:

  • Campfires
  • Equipment use including chainsaws, mowers and angle grinders
  • Lightning
  • Miscellaneous including power lines, glass refraction, electric fences and more

One of the most critical parts of extreme weather preparation is ensuring you have the correct home insurance policy and a clear understanding of exactly how you’re covered.

Natural disasters and extreme weather are unpredictable and unfortunately may be more likely to effect certain locations.

If you live in an area that’s prone to bushfire, it’s worthwhile considering the role your insurance cover may play in getting you back to normal, especially if you need to make a claim.

This advice is general in nature and has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs and may not be right for you. You must decide whether or not it is appropriate, in light of your own circumstances, to act on this advice. To decide if QBE’s products are right for you, please ensure you obtain and consider the Policy Wording or Product Disclosure Statements and Target Market Determinations, available online at QBE.com/au. Insurance issued and underwritten by QBE Insurance (Australia) Limited (ABN 78 003 191 035, AFSL 239545).

Related articles

Make safe: the temporary solution that could save your property

17 Feb 2023

When your property is damaged, you need a make safe to reduce the risk of further damage, and ensure the building is safe to live and work in.

Read more

Bushfire warnings: know the signs in an emergency

08 Feb 2023

To keep you informed and up to date about bushfires and other emergencies, a national Australian Warning System has been developed. Here’s how it works.

Read more

Cyclone preparation tips

16 Dec 2021

Cyclones can be a devastating weather event across northern Australia, know how to prepare for a cyclone.

Read more
Read further articles

Need more help?

Call us on 133 723

Mon-Fri 8am-5pm, Sat 8am-1:30pm (AEDT)